Compost is decomposed organic material which can include leaves, grass clippings, and kitchen waste. It provides many essential nutrients for plant growth and therefore is often used as fertilizer. Compost can also improve soil structure so that soil can easily hold the correct amount of moisture, nutrients and air. It improves the texture of both clay soils and sandy soils, making either type rich, moisture retentive, and loamy.
Compost is one of nature’s best mulches and soil amendments. Most gardeners know the importance of composting their yard waste and food scraps. Understanding how to make and use compost is in the public interest, as the problem of waste disposal continues to grow.
A few of the many benefits of compost are:
- Reduction in garbage volume.
- A rich, natural fertilizer cuts back on use of chemical fertilizers.
- Improves soil aeration and drainage.
- Modifies and stabilizes soil pH
- Increases the soil’s ability to hold essential nutrients
- Binds contaminants and degrades compounds
- Helps with wetland restoration and erosion control
- Suppresses weeds and many pathogens
With a small investment of time, you can contribute to the solution to a community waste disposal problem, while at the same time enriching the soil and improving the health of your yard and garden.